Extended and Extensive

Posted by Jaochainoi 7 | 11:40 AM

Once again adjective forms of the same word cause confusion. The verb ‘to extend’ means to spread, to prolong or to enlarge. Therefore, if something is extended, it is spread or prolonged.


For example:

Bob asked the professor if the deadline for his paper could be  
extended.
          Extended family is traditionally the core structure of Thai
society.
          If you pay your bills on time, your credits will be extended.

         
Extended can also mean longer or wider than expected.


For example:

          We had extended conversation about the third quarter budget
          review.
          The new CD contains the extended version of our old   
          favourites.
          South Park features an extended episode for Christmas.    

On the other hand, extensive means large in amount or scale.
    

For example:

The fire last night has caused extensive damage.
          This store offers an extensive range of variety of merchandise.


Notes:

Extended (adj.)     spread, longer and wider than expected
Extensive (adj.)     large in amount or scale


Exercise: Extended or Extensive
Directions:  Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words.


  1. The sky train will be ________ to the new airport.
  2. London underground network is ________. It covers a huge area of Greater London.
  3. John has an ________ collection of rare DVD. He owns an ________ version of the Titanic, which is almost four hours long.
  4. Mary’s long hair is not real. She got it ________ last week.
  5. All newspapers run an ________ cover of the riot.
  6. We can take a long vacation. I have got an ________ holiday leave from work.
  7. His ________ pool of knowledge is depthless.
  8. Due to overwhelming interests received, the discussion session has been ________ to last a whole afternoon.

Gather and Collect

Posted by Jaochainoi 7 | 11:39 AM

Gather and Collect
There are several verbs that show the action of bringing something together. To use them correctly, one must learn the difference in the meaning of each word.

          ‘To gather’ can be either transitive or intransitive. As an intransitive verb, it means to come together in one place.


For example:

We had a Thai-styled dinner, with the whole family gathering around in a circle.
Everyone in the office gathered in the conference room to hear his speech.
Please gather around over here before we board the bus.


          ‘To gather’ can also mean to collect something from a wide area or to bring something together.


For example:

          The workmen are gathering strawberries for the delivery.
          The children went off to gather some flowers in the wood.
          He gathered all his strength before aiming at the target.
She quickly gathered her clothes which were scattered on the floor.


‘To collect’ has similar meaning to the verb ‘to gather’. It can mean 1) to come together or to assemble and 2) to bring something together.


For example:
         
          The crowd soon collect at the scene.
His job is to collect the empty glasses and dirty dishes from the dinning room.
The workmen are collecting strawberries for the delivery.
          The children went off to collect some flowers in the wood.
         

          We also use ‘to collect’ in the sense of obtaining specimens of something as a hobby.


For example:

          He used to collect matchboxes and beer cans.
The children collect stamps and exchange ones they don’t like with other kids.